This type of lettuce is so sweet and tender it practically melts in your mouth, just like, well… butter! Like other lettuce types, this annual variety prefers cooler climates; however, it’s more tolerant of warm weather and is slower to bolt than its relatives, making it a great plant for beginner gardeners. Each plant produces a small, compact head of green leaves, becoming lighter and more yellowish towards the center. Successive plantings every 2 weeks will allow a continuous harvest of this healthy and tasty butterball.

Nancy butterhead lettuce AKA Boston Head lettuce is a thick-leaved varietal that delivers a satisfying crunch when it’s munched making it great for wraps, salads or whatever else your heart may desire! The stiffness of the leaves of this plant do more than make it fun to eat, however. Nancy lettuce is known for its sturdiness and soft, tender hearts that are protected from pests and the elements by the thick outer foliage. The Nancy lettuce is also resistant to many diseases which—in addition to its upright habit—makes it an easy and fun plant to grow.

  • Botanical Name: Lactuca sativa var. capitata
  • Plant Type: Vegetable
  • Variety: Nancy
  • Growth Cycle: Annual
  • Season(s): Spring Summer Fall Winter
  • Climate Zone(s): 2a 2b 3a 3b 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b 9a 9b 10a 10b
  • Light: Full Sun Partial Shade
  • Soil Type(s): Clay Loamy Sandy
  • Yield: 0.3–0.5 lbs per plant
  • Garden Dimensions: 4 plants per square foot
  • Germination: 7–14 days
  • Maturity: 50–60 days
  • Harvest: 45–80 days



Seed Depth: 1/4–1/2″
Space Between Plants: 5–8″
Space Between Rows: 8″
Germination Soil Temperature: 55–60°F
Days for Germination: 7–14
Sow Indoors: 6 weeks before average last frost date. Also in the summer, when it’s too hot for lettuce seeds to germinate outside.
Sow Outdoors: 2–4 weeks before average last frost date. Plant successively every 3 weeks until 2 weeks before average first frost date. For a winter crop in warm climates, plant 2–4 weeks before average first frost date.


Grows best in cool weather and will survive mild frosts. Can be grown as a winter crop in USDA Zones 8 and above. High temperatures will cause plants to bolt, and germination will be poor in temperatures above 80°F.


Natural: Full Sun. Prefers partial afternoon shade in warm weather.

Artificial: Grows well under fluorescent or LED lamps. Needs at least 12 hours of light daily; however, more is preferred. A 24-hour day cycle may result in highest yields.

Growing Media

Soil: Prefers loamy soils with a high amount of organic matter but are adaptable and will grow in most soil types. A pH of between 6.0 and 6.8 will keep plants healthy and nourished.

Soilless: Seeds will germinate in soilless mixes, rockwool, and other soilless media.

Hydroponics: Will thrive in hydroponic systems including NFT, floating raft technique, or deep water culture.

Aeroponics: Will thrive in aeroponic systems.


Water: Requires moderate levels of water. Although this lettuce does not require a large quantity of water, it does require consistent watering. Ensure that soil is moist but not muddy.

Nutrients: Requires moderate to high levels of nutrients. Nitrogen-rich fertilizers such as blood meal will help lettuce plants grow full and succulent leaves.

Foliar: Application of foliar sprays containing nitrogen to leaves will keep plants healthy and strong.

Mulching: Mulch may be used around the plant to keep weeds down and to protect plants’ shallow root system.



  • Aphids
  • Cutworms
  • Deer
  • Earwigs
  • Flea beetles
  • Grasshoppers
  • Rabbits
  • Slugs
  • Snails
  • Whiteflies


  • Damping-off
  • Downy mildew
  • Powdery mildew
  • Root rot

Deficiency(s): A lack of phosphorous, potassium, and, most commonly, nitrogen can cause plants to wilt or be stunted in growth.

Rotation and Companion Plants

Rotation: Follow with a legume crop, like peas or beans, to replenish soil nitrogen levels.

Companions: Grows well with carrots, collards, onions, strawberries, beets, cucumber, brassicas, radishes, marigold, borage, chervil, florence fennel, and leeks. Avoid parsley and celery.

Harvest and Storage

Harvest: Cut lettuce about 2″ from soil as soon as the head forms. You can also pick individual leaves earlier, but don’t take too many, i.e., no more than 1/3 of the total plant. Try to harvest in the morning when leaves are moist and cool.

Storage: Store in the refrigerator for up to 1 week. Avoid storing lettuce in the same area as fruits such as bananas or apples: they release a ripening agent that causes your lettuce to go bad quicker.

Other Info

History: Lettuce is believed to have originated in the Delta river valley thousands of years ago where it was cultivated by the Egyptians. Eventually the plant spread to Europe and was then brought over to the U.S. in the 1600s by John Winthrop Jr., son of the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony.


Preserve and Prepare

Preserve: Due to its high water content, lettuce cannot be preserved and should be eaten fresh.

Prepare: Good for use in salads, sandwiches, smoothies, or even soups.


Nutritional: A good source of vitamin(s) A, K, potassium, and small amounts of protein and carbohydrates.

Medicinal: Historically, lettuce was cited as a veritable cure-all. Today, it has been shown to have high levels of beta-carotene. High levels of antioxidants may also be beneficial in helping to prevent some diseases, including cancer.


If you’re in the mood for something light and tasty, pull off some of those delectable butterhead leaves for this Butterhead Lettuce and Belgian Endive Salad recipe.


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